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Prostate surgery in which cases and how to do surgery on the prostate gland prostate gland

Prostate surgery: in what cases and how is the operation done on the prostate gland
In what cases and how the prostate surgery is performed. What are the types of surgical interventions for diseases of the prostate gland and where they are best carried out.

How to do prostate surgery

Diseases of the prostate, previously considered age-related pathologies, are now diagnosed in 35-40-year-old men. Despite the efforts of specialists, it is not always possible to manage with conservative methods of treatment, 30% of patients need surgical intervention. And prostate surgery, according to statistics, firmly holds the 2nd place in urology. Consider what types of surgery are, and what are the indications for them.

The content of the article

  • Indications for surgical treatment
  • What are the types of operations?
    • Open or traditional operation
  • Useful video: perineal radical prostatectomy
    • Endoscopic resection through the urethra
    • Endoscopic Transrectal Method
  • Useful video: transurethral resection of prostate adenoma
    • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Partial and complete resection of the prostate
  • Recommendations during the rehabilitation period
  • The choice of clinic is the patient’s prerogative
  •  Useful video: laser prostate adenoma removal
  • Conclusion

Indications for surgical treatment

Surgery on the prostate gland often becomes for men the only possible method to get rid of painful spasms when urinating, as well as to eliminate the growth of the tumor.

Surgery on the prostate do in the following cases:

  • The proliferation of prostate tissue – prostate adenoma.
  • Purulent prostatitis or abscesses in the body of the prostate gland.
  • Constriction of the urethra (urethra).
  • Delay or lack of urination.
  • Tumors of the prostate are both benign and malignant.
  • Urethral bleeding.
  • The rapid growth of connective tissue – sclerosis or prostate fibrosis.
  • Urinary incontinence.

Urologists or andrologists are the name given to specialists who should be referred to when anxiety symptoms appear. At the same time, urologists deal with pathologies of the urinary system as a whole, andrologists investigate disorders of the reproductive male sphere. But the doctor and the first and second specialization after all examinations can recommend prostate surgery.

Note! The operation of the prostate gland is performed strictly in-patient by surgeons under general anesthesia.

The operation on the prostate gland is performed in stationary conditions.

What are the types of operations?

Types of operations depend on the degree of prostate injury. With bulky tumors (more than 80 mm), the presence of multiple stones in the urinary system, developed diverticulosis of the bladder membranes, preference is given to a radical method – an operation to remove prostate gland enlargement or adenomectomy.

When the tumor size is less than 80 ml, a more benign prostate surgery is performed – adenoma excision. For mild inflammation, small-sized adenoma, surgeons tend to less traumatic endoscopic methods.

Regardless of the type of operation of the prostate gland, there are a number of contraindications to surgery:

  • Severe forms of cardiac, renal and pulmonary insufficiency (there is a risk of intolerance to general anesthesia).
  • Cystitis, pyelonephritis in the acute stage.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Serious pathologies of the cardiovascular system and the brain.

According to the degree of intervention and penetration to the affected area, there are several ways to promptly remove a tumor.

Surgery are different in the form of intervention